What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic, generalized pain disorder that is characterized by abnormal sensitivity and pain at particular point(s) of the body, tiredness, sleep and affective disturbances, and morning stiffness. The exact cause of fibromyalgia is not well understood. Studies have suggested several possible mechanisms as causes of fibromyalgia, such as abnormalities in neurotransmitter metabolism, central sensitization, abnormal activation of microglia, altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis (HPA-axis) activity, and autonomic nervous system response which can contribute to a dysfunctional stress response system and induction of pain pathway.
As of now, there is no effective treatment or cure for fibromyalgia. The available treatments may provide modest symptomatic relief; however, the patient’s overall quality of life remains consistently poor.
For those suffering from fibromyalgia, their only option for relief is to take pain killers daily to mask the symptoms.
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